You know, when it comes to personal interests, businessmen are very fierce. Once there was a story that the British minister Ba Xiali was anxious to wait for an important telegram in China, but it was not delivered until three days after the telegram was sent. The damned telegram was delivered to Ba Xiali. The minister was so angry that he immediately asked the Chinese government what was going on. The Premier's Office asked the General Office of Telegraphy, and the General Office of Telegraphy asked the sub-bureau again, but the return came up, so that Ba Xiali could not be happy. The sub-bureau answered confidently that according to the regulations, this important diplomatic telegram was calculated according to the "fourth-class ordinary business newspaper", so it should be sent and delivered after the first-class official newspaper, the second-class Bureau newspaper and the third-class urgent business newspaper, just like other "ordinary business newspapers". Late? Deserve it! The British devils roared like thunder, and the Chinese officials lost face, but the people below did things according to the rules, and it was not good to pursue them too much. As a result, they had no choice but to amend the regulations at the strong request of the British: "The ministers, land and water prefects, and consular officers of all countries in the contract were all first class telegrams for the country's electronic communications, and they were still accounted for and reported according to the fourth class telegrams." "They were all treated according to the first class official newspapers of China." "They were delivered in the order of delivery." Only then was the matter finally settled. This is true of dealing with foreign devils, and it is also true of dealing with the government shareholders of our own country. According to the regulations at the beginning of the establishment of the telegraph office, the first-class official newspaper was sent free of charge. In peacetime, during the Sino-French War, feather books were like snow,tile profile factory, and war reports were frequently exchanged, which greatly affected the delivery of ordinary paid telegrams. On behalf of businessmen in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong, Xie Jiafu, the director of the telegraph Bureau, and others wrote frequently, hoping that the government would "issue cash" to the first-class official newspaper. After a year and a half of lawsuit wrangling,stainless steel edging strip, Li Hongzhang's mediation finally stipulated that only the governors and generals of the central ministries and provinces had the right to send the first-class official newspaper. It began to adopt the mode of free first class official newspaper for one year and half price for the next year to charge in turn, so as to stop the shareholders'mouths. These get into the money eye of the guy so not on the road, naturally let the big brother above is very unhappy, plus this business is really profitable, and let people envy unceasingly. As soon as Li Hongzhang of the Westernization Group died, yuan Shikai, who took over as Minister of Beiyang the next year, reported to the court that he hoped to nationalize the telegram, which was soon approved, and yuan Shikai was immediately appointed Minister of Telegram Administration. Although the shareholders were not reconciled, their arms could not twist their thighs, so they had to admit it. But since it is said to be "redeeming shares", how should the price be set? Around this core issue, the two sides of the government and businessmen are red-faced. The authorities believe that you have earned a lot of dividends these years, and that the maximum payment for a stock with a par value of 100 yuan is only 180 yuan, stainless steel tile edging ,aluminum tile edge trim, while the businessmen take out the books of the previous year and say that the assets on the books alone are now more than 5 million yuan, and on average, one share should not be less than 240 yuan. Arguing over and over again, the thigh was still thicker than the arm, and the final redemption price was set at 180 yuan. Taking advantage of the nationalization, yuan Shikai became the head of the General Telegraph Office, and Sheng Xuanhuai retreated. But after all, the General Telegraph Bureau was created by Sheng Xuanhuai, Zheng Guanying, Jing yuanshan and others, and their influence has been soaked in the General Telegraph Bureau. The various factions of the Northern Warlords, the Westernization Movement, and the merchants schemed against each other, and the situation did not improve much after the establishment of the Ministry of Posts and Communications. On November 6, 1906 (September 20, the thirty-second year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu), the Qing government approved the establishment of the Ministry of Posts and Communications, with one minister in charge (later renamed minister and chief) and one assistant minister (later renamed vice-minister). The General Office of Telegraphy was incorporated into the Ministry of Posts and Communications to become the Department of Telegraphy Administration, with the positions of herbalist, member Wailang, chief officer and Xiaojing officer. Among them, the annual salary of herbalist and member Wailang at the level of supervisor can reach 160 taels, which is quite generous compared with the officials of other ministries. The control and management of public opinion is a major function of the Department of Telecommunications of the Ministry of Posts and Communications. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, in order to expand the influence of public opinion, people often used the method of combining telegrams with newspapers. If there was a big news event, they would send a private telegram or a public telegram, and then the newspaper would reprint it. This method could make the information spread all over the country in a very short time, and it flourished for a period of time in the late Qing Dynasty.
For example, on January 14, 1882, the second day after the opening of the first telegraph line in the mainland to the public, Shanghai Shenbao's "visiting friends" in Tianjin (probably equivalent to today's special correspondent) sent back a report on the investigation of malfeasance officials by the Qing court by telegraph, which was published on January 16. This is the earliest news dispatch written into the history of Chinese journalism, which was arranged by newspaper reporters themselves. Shenbao, which is well aware of the role of telegrams, also published advertisements on the front page for five consecutive days, saying that the newspaper would "not be stingy with money" and use telegrams to publish the latest important news. Since then, with the help of the speed of telegraph transmission, the proportion of newspaper industry in the influence of national public opinion has become larger and larger. The officials of the Qing Dynasty were very insensitive to the positive value of the telegraph, on the contrary, they were very sensitive to the possible negative effects of the telegraph. Shen Baozhen once wrote a letter to the Premier's Office, saying, "The ships of foreign countries are faster than the mail of China.". All official business has been restrained. If they are allowed to set up copper wires, they will be thousands of miles away and can be connected in an instant, and it will be even more difficult to ensure that they will not create rumors in newsprint to frighten the public. This shows from one side that Chinese officials have a vague premonition that the revolution of communication means is likely to trigger a series of social changes, which will lead to the collapse of the old system. Because "gentry and businessmen from all walks of life in various provinces often send telegrams to the government because of minor accidents", and there is no name of the generator in the telegram, it is very easy to be used by interested people to carry out some secret communications. The Qing government,stainless tile trim, which was annoyed enough by all kinds of telegrams, also saw the power of telegrams in connecting public opinion and shaking its rule, so it successively introduced some policies to curb the occurrence of this situation.





283 ads

1058 users